In the seventeenth century France had practically only two kings, Henri IV discounting ruled that if not ten years in the period: Louis XIII and Louis XIV. From 1610-1617 the regency is exercised by the Queen Mother Marie de Medicis, who had married the king in 1600 (after the latter did annul his marriage to Marguerite), to "have the administration of the affairs of the kingdom during the low age of the said lord your son. She did not have any political talent, and had given to influence some of its intimate setting, particularly Galigai Leonora and her husband Concini, discredited his government. Everything seemed propitious for a brilliant revenge of the Grands, county, of Guise, of Nevers, the Bouil-lon … "4 But in 1617, the young king of 16 years, jealous of the power of Concini and driven by Charles D'Albert de Luynes, decides to indulge his murder (that of Concini) on April 24, 1617, the date from which it takes its actual functions.

Seven years later, another large French history makes its appearance in the most important summits of power. On August 13, Armand, Jean de Vignerot du Plessis, Cardinal de Richelieu, who had been foreign minister since, thanks to the queen mother, the intellectual author of entering the cabinet becomes Head of the Privy Council. A Richelieu he is considered as the founder of the absolute monarchy and is recognized from the start as head of the council a program summary: remove French Protestantism, to instead to the French nobility and fighting against the Habsburgs of Spain and Austria.